SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS

The needs and experiences of patients with skin cancer: a qualitative systematic review with metasynthesis

Article first published online: 22 Feb 2017
DOI: 10.1111/bjd.15148

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Summary

Skin cancer incidence is increasing worldwide. This is an update of a previous review published in 2010 that identified only two studies and found that the needs and experiences of individuals with skin cancer were under‐researched. Our objective was to undertake a qualitative systematic review of the needs and experiences of people with a diagnosis of skin cancer. To update the previous review, the following databases were searched from 2010 to 30 November 2015: CINAHL Psyc INFO , Medline and Embase. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Qualitative Assessment Review Instrument. The qualitative research findings were synthesized using a pragmatic meta‐aggregative approach. A total of 14 studies (16 papers) were included. Only three studies included patients with keratinocyte carcinoma. Overall, 15 categories were identified and these resulted in four overarching synthesized findings ( SF s) from diagnosis ( SF 1), throughout treatment ( SF 2) and follow‐up ( SF 3), and then a fourth SF ( SF 4) that addressed patients’ satisfaction with their care and their relationship with healthcare professionals. Despite the fact that patients with keratinocyte carcinoma and melanoma can have a very different prognosis, they also share similar needs and concerns especially around the time of diagnosis and follow‐up/surveillance for new lesions. Healthcare professionals working with patients with skin cancer need to understand their psychosocial concerns and their information needs in order to design services appropriately. Future studies need to consider patients with keratinocyte carcinoma in addition to patients with melanoma.

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bjd15148-sup-0001-VideoS1.mp4Video S1. Author video.

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